Tag Archives: Edward Gibbon

Tides of War: Byzantium’s Vacillating Imperial Fortunes – Part 4

Persian Dominance “For the crime of an ambitious centurion [Phocas] the nation which he oppressed was chastised with the calamities of war, and the same calamities, at the end of twenty years, were retaliated and redoubled on the heads of … Continue reading

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Tides of War: Byzantium’s Vacillating Imperial Fortunes – Part 3

Reverses “You behold the ensigns of supreme power. You are about to receive them, not from my hand, but from the hand of God. Honor them, and from them you will derive honor. Respect the empress your mother: you are … Continue reading

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Tides of War: Byzantium’s Vacillating Imperial Fortunes – Part 1

The Final Division “Arcadius, who then was about eighteen years of age, was born in Spain in the humble habitation of a private family. But he received a princely education in the palace of Constantinople; and his inglorious life was … Continue reading

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